Saturday, July 18, 2020
Psychometric Properties in a BPD Test BPD Diagnosis Print Psychometric Properties in a BPD Test By Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and associate professor of psychology at Eastern Connecticut State University. Learn about our editorial policy Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on July 13, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on June 29, 2018 Tim Macpherson/Stone/Getty Images More in BPD Diagnosis Treatment Living With BPD Related Conditions The psychometric properties of a psychological test relate to the data that has been collected on the test to determine how well it measures the construct of interest. In order to develop a good psychological test, the new test is subjected to statistical analyses to ensure that it has good psychometric properties. There are two broad types of psychometric properties that a test must have in order to be considered a good measure of a particular construct: reliability and validity. Reliability as a Psychometric Property The first type of psychometric property is called reliability. This is the psychological tests ability to measure the construct of interest consistently and in a stable manner. A measure of something cannot be more valid than it is reliable. Test-Retest Reliability If the test is reliable, your results on that test should be very similar if you take the test today and again in six months. This is called test-retest reliability. For example, you take a test to determine your likelihood of having borderline personality disorder (BPD) in January, then again in July, and you should have similar results. One problem with the reliability of testing the same person twice using the same test is that the patient could remember the questions from the last time they took the test. This could have a variety of consequences. Parallel Forms for Reliability Parallel forms is another measure of reliability and designed to avoid the issues brought about by using the same exact test twice. To increase the reliability of this psychometric property, clinicians administer parallel forms of a test. In other words, two similar, not exactly the same, versions of a measure. Other Types of Reliability There are other types of reliability. Internal consistency refers to the point that all the items in the test should be measuring the same construct. Inter-rater reliability addresses the protocol to determine if multiple judges have a high degree of consensus. Validity as a Psychometric Property The second broad property that a good test has validity, which refers to how well the test accurately measures the construct of interest. The results should correspond with what the researcher stated was the focus of the study. For example, the results of a good borderline personality test should be highly related to behavior that is typical of borderline personality disorder (for example, someone with a high score on a BPD test should also have a lot of problems with emotion regulation). The two broad categories of validity are internal and external: If the study has external validity, it falls in line with previous findings on the same, or similar, topic.Internal validity is about the degree of confidence the researcher has in his own results and is based on a variety of factors, including characteristics of the sample, measures, and the research design. Face Validity Face validity refers to how valid the person taking the test thinks it is. For example, if the test taker has a bad attitude toward the test, including finding the layout confusing or the thinking the test administrator is a jerk, an otherwise valid measurement might produce an erroneous result.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
In 1859, Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, which proposed the theory of evolution. This book, along with others that followed, began the long dispute between evolutionist and creationist. Were we created by a supernatural Supreme Being, or did our creation occur purely by chance? First, lets look at the two conflicting theories. Common usage of the term Ã¢â¬Å"evolutionÃ¢â¬ is that living things in our world have come into existence through unguided naturalistic processes beginning from a primeval mass of subatomic particles and radiation, over 20 billion years ago. The idea of Creation comes from the first two chapters of Genesis which states that God created the heavens andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore we have a catch-22 situation. Besides, there are geological evidences that confirm the existence of an oxidizing atmosphere as far back as can be determined. Among these are: the oxidation of ferrous iron in early rocks, and the precipitation of limestone in great quantities.1 Now, lets assume for a minute that the ideal environment for evolution to occur existed. We would then need a means by which the basic building blocks of life could be constructed. Before you can assemble the large macro-molecules necessary for life you must have a ready supply of basic organic molecules. Among these would be tons of sugars, amino acids, purines, and pyrimidines. Now assuming we had a vast primitive ocean full of these molecules there are still obstacles that would need to be overcome to have a suitable ocean. The first problem would be the diluting effect of the vast ocean. There would not be enough quantities of each basic molecule for molecular formation therefore insufficient quantities would result. The second problem would be that in order for chemical bonds to form there would need to be an external source of energy. Unfortunately t he same energy that creates these bonds is much more likely to destroy them. The last major obstacle to overcome would be the incompatibility of differentShow MoreRelatedEvolution Creationism Vs. Creationism924 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAny point of contact with the scientific world in the 21st century will eventually lead one to the one of the most hotly contested topic in American education, that of evolution versus creationism. While the creationist point of view, as well as the evolutionary perspective, hosts a great variation of opinion amongst its supporters, Christianity is brought to the center stage time after time (Vuletic, 1994). Literal interpretation of the Book of GenesisÃ¢â¬â¢ account of creation falls contrary to theRead More Evolution Vs. Creationism Essay1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEvolution vs. Creationism Abstract In the history of science vs. religion there have been no issues more intensely debated than evolution vs. creationism. The issue is passionately debated since the majority of evidence is in favor of evolution, but the creation point of view can never be proved wrong because of religious belief. Human creation breaks down into three simple beliefs; creation theory, naturalistic evolution theory, and theistic evolution theory. The complexities of all threeRead More Creationism vs. Evolution Essays1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCreationism vs. Evolution This paper will focus on the huge controversy between Creationism and Evolution. I will provide two opposing viewpoints on this subject. First, the discussion will focus on the question of why many people believe that God created the universe and all living things. On the other end of the spectrum, scientific information will be presented that substantiates the evidence against the existence of God. This creationism counter-argument known as evolution has itsRead More Evolution vs. Creationism Essay917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Evolution vs. Creationism The Evolution vs. Creationism controversy goes all the way back to the Publishing of Origin of Species in 1859 by Darwin laying the foundation for the evolution of life to be understood. Scientists are continuously finding more evidence to support DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s conclusion; that organisms descended from a common ancestor modified by the mechanism of natural selection resulting in the evolution of species adapting to their environment. The following are the main geological topicsRead More Creationism vs. Evolution Essay1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Where we come from is a question as old as mankind itself. There are countless numbers of religions, each with their own twist on the origins of earth and mankind, but one of the most highly visible debates would be creationism vs. evolution. Depending on where your beliefs lie, the Earth has been around somewhere in the neighborhood of 6,000 years to 4.5 billion years. One would tend to believe that this vast differe nce in time would make it impossible to have 2 Ã¢â¬Å"theoriesÃ¢â¬ thatRead MoreCreationism Vs. Evolution1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Where do we come from? The creation of the world has been told through many different stories, and from a variety of religions across the world. The argument between evolution and creation has been debated back and forth for years. So how do we know which claim is correct? Has all life evolved from simple bacteria to all the species that appear today, or did life on earth begin with Gods creation of Adam from dust and his partner Eve from adamÃ¢â¬â¢s rib bone. As a child I grew up attending church everyRead MoreEvolution Vs. Creationism Debate1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn this paper I will be explaining two sides of the evolution vs. creationism debate. The topics I am going to write about are fossil evidence, the origin of life, and DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"theoryÃ¢â¬ of natural selection. I will be presenting a view of both sides of the argument they will be on the creation side and evolution standpoint. I would suggest that you, the reader, would have a previous knowledge of all the topics so that you may get a full understanding of both sides. If there is no prior knowledgeRead MoreCreationism vs. Evolution Essay1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesassumptions with empirically deduced scientific theories. The Catholic Church had a nasty habit of persecuting such ideological dissent toward creationism, calling it heresy and thereby somewhat suppressing a complete upheaval of the Scriptures. For many centuries to come, the scientific research grew and developed into theories like the Big Bang and evolution, though primarily in places where such progress was tolerated. The state of Tennessee in 1925 was not such a place. In the town of DaytonRead MoreCreationism vs. Evolution Essay1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Creationism is the theory that man, the earth, and the rest of the universe was originally created rather than randomly exploding from nothingness into chance existence. We reside on the surface of a small superbly crafted, autonomous self regulating spac e vehicle. Together with survival, conquest and death we bear witness to beauty, fragrances, love and music. Think about this. Mathematics, philosophy, springtime, depravity, farming, courtship, quasars, and iphones; all came from nothingness?,Read MoreEssay on Evolution VS. Creationism1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof man and how all living things acquired their characteristics. The two main theories that arose over time were Creationism and Evolution, both of which provided very distinct answers to this question. Creationism based its answer on the idea of a supernatural power or being that created the entire universe, man and the numerous other organisms that live within it. While, Evolution theorizes that all living things have the potential to change and grow over time into something new and different
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Since the dawn of civilization, religious practices and rituals have greatly impacted various societies around the world. Religion is intertwined with almost every aspect of life, ranging from culture, to politics and can even be found in basic social interactions. Regardless of how religious one may be the impact it has on each individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life is significant. The true beauty of religion is the fact that there is no set definition, allowing for each region of the world to interpret and practice their beliefs in their own manner. Naming a newborn child is considered a significant rite of passage in numerous religions all around the world. Many religions believe that providing the newborn with a proper name in the eyes of God is aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Due to their strong faith, the Jewish community continually looks to uphold GodÃ¢â¬â¢s laws, attempting to bring holiness to each aspect of their daily lives. It is important to note that there are sects within Judaism, stemming from cultural nuances and geographic location. This means that there are different rituals and practices between the various sects within Judaism. Chabad is one of the world s most known Chasidic movements and is well known for its outreach in the community. It is the largest Jewish religious organization in the world. The Chabad movement represents an intellectual, spiritual school of thought established and led by a dynasty of Hasidic Rabbis. Founded in the late eighteenth century, the Chabad movement originated in Eastern Europe. Chabad Hasidic philosophy focuses on religious and spiritual concepts such as God, the soul, and the meaning of the Jewish commandments. Though there are several sacred traditions and rites in Judaism, the baby rite is one of the most significant events of the religion. The Chabad movement within Judaism has their own secular beliefs about the name rite of a newborn child. The C habad follow the Midrash relates, which are a collection of teachings from the Torah. The Midrash relates state that the Jewish people were freed from Egyptian rule under the merit of four virtues. The first of these virtues dictates that they do not change their names. This is important
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses Paper In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Romeo and Juliet (c. 1595) and Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s 2001 Noughts and Crosses, the theme of forbidden love is greatly conveyed throughout both texts. The themes are similar in each text, regardless of the severe differences in era which are highlighted contextually throughout each of the works. Forbidden love is the foundation to which the downfalls of characters occur and is a key component to the storylines of both texts. In both works, the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s downfalls are greatly contributed to by those surrounding the main protagonists. This allows for the surrounding characters to stand out as the causes for the bad happenings in both texts, as it is they who make the love forbidden and perhaps thus more desirable to the protagonists. Sacrifice is a key theme in both works which helps to convey the way that both couplesÃ¢â¬â¢ love is extremely important to the characters. Sacrifice is shown in Romeo and Juliet when they sacrifice their own lives because they are forbidden to be together. Romeo and Juliet sacrifice themselves because of what they believed in. The sacrifices also show that they would rather die than live without their love being allowed and accepted by the people around them. JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s last words, Ã¢â¬Å"There rust and let me dieÃ¢â¬ , emphasise the sacrifice that she makes upon learning of RomeoÃ¢â¬â¢s death. The words Ã¢â¬Ëlet meÃ¢â¬â¢ show that Juliet wishes to be left to die, much in the way that she wanted to be allowed and left alone to love and be with Romeo. The idea of Juliet being allowed to die shows that she is making the sacrifice of her life as it is, in her mind, the only thing left that she can do which will be her own decision. We will write a custom essay sample on Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer She shows here that she wishes not to live without Romeo and without their love. The idea of Juliet lacking control over her future was a key concern in the Elizabethan era in which the play was written. This is down to the fact that young women like Juliet would have had decisions on big life choices often taken out of their hands. Fathers (or the head of the family) would often have the final say over who the daughter marries. This is shown in JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s situation where her family have intentions for her to marry Count Paris, whilst she wishes to marry Romeo. Sacrifice is also conveyed in RomeoÃ¢â¬â¢s death in which before dying he says Ã¢â¬ËhereÃ¢â¬â¢s to my love. Ã¢â¬â¢ This allows the link between the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s sacrifice and their love being forbidden to become apparent through the way that Romeo states that his death is for his Ã¢â¬Ëlove. Ã¢â¬â¢ ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s use of the word Ã¢â¬ËHereÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ conveys that Romeo is killing himself for his love. Additionally, the word Ã¢â¬ËhereÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ would usually be used in a kind of toast or tribute towards something. This allows for Romeo to glamorise his death by it being down to the love forbidden between the couple. The sacrifice in Romeo and Juliet coincides with ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s famous genre of tragedy, which is conveyed throughout a number of his works but especially in Romeo and Juliet. David Scott Kastan suggests in his analysis that Ã¢â¬Å"Tragedy, for Shakespeare is the genre of uncompensated suffering. Ã¢â¬ I would agree with this idea as Shakespeare has incorporated this theory into Romeo and Juliet. The idea of the suffering being Ã¢â¬ËuncompensatedÃ¢â¬â¢ relates to the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s situation since they do not get any reward or gain for what they have endured in the end. This point relates to the couple making their individual sacrifices of life as these acts are uncompensated and unrewarded; they gain nothing from their actions. This idea of uncompensated sacrifice is down to the matter of their love being forbidden. The love being forbidden between the two characters results in the sacrifice of their own lives which shows how passionate both characters are about their love. It is conveyed in the language before each death that their sacrifices clearly link to their love being forbidden and frowned upon by others. Similarly, in Noughts and Crosses, Callum sacrifices his life for what he believes in. The ultimatum to sacrifice his life for the life of his baby or his babyÃ¢â¬â¢s life for his, results in Callum deciding to be executed. Much like in Romeo and Juliet, Sephy and CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s situation is out of their hands and out of their control. The people around them force the couple to make the decision as to who to sacrifice. CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s explanation that Ã¢â¬Å"He pulls the hood over my head. I try to pull back. Im not trying to run away. I just want to see her One last time Ã¢â¬ highlights his desperation to see Sephy for the last time. This conveys CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s love for Sephy and his position shows where the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s forbidden love has gotten him. This helps to highlight the way in which the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s love is truly forbidden and shows the extent of punishment for making their love known by having a baby. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not trying to run awayÃ¢â¬ shows the way in which Callum faces up to his inevitable sacrifice in the moment of it. Highlighting that he is Ã¢â¬ËnotÃ¢â¬â¢ trying to run away shows that he has accepted his fate to be executed. This shows the way that Callum has come to terms with the sacrifice he must make and in this he shows that he truly would rather save his unborn babyÃ¢â¬â¢s life than live on himself. The ellipsis conveys the tone of CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts as, whilst he clearly shows acceptance of his situation, its fragmentation highlights the way he feels about Sephy and it shows how he is much weaker and more emotional when it comes to thinking about her. The ellipsis at the end of the sentence could also represent the end of CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s life, as though it is to be continued. This idea could foreshadow the future after his death, conveying the way that his death could alter the views upon Noughts and Crosses being segregated in the future. Much like in Romeo and Juliet, the couple have to sacrifice something regardless of what they choose, whether it be their unborn baby or Callum himself. Whilst Romeo and Juliet would have not lost a physical person if they had not have sacrificed themselves, they would have lost out on the love that they wished to share together. The sacrifice of CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s life in Noughts and Crosses shows the way that the couple are forced into making a sacrifice in order to stand up for what they believe in. It also shows the extent of how forbidden their love really is, how seriously the people around them perceive it and how they are controlled by those around them to the point of a forced sacrifice. The outcomes postliminary to the sacrifices in each novel can give an array of answers as to whether the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ actions and decisions in the end benefitted each of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s harsh beliefs around them. The characters surrounding the two couples in each text contribute a great amount to the outcomes and the decisions that the main protagonists make throughout the novels. This conveys the way in which the great sacrifices of life in each text affect the characters surrounding the main protagonists and shows these charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ reactions to the events that they have partly caused. It allows the remaining characters in the texts to question whether the love was forbidden enough for lives to be lost. In Romeo and Juliet, after the couple sacrifice their lives, it is clear to see that the families put their feuds aside. Upon realising that the pairÃ¢â¬â¢s death was down to their love being forbidden by the families, Capulet refers to Montague as Ã¢â¬Ëbrother Montague. The use of the word Ã¢â¬ËbrotherÃ¢â¬â¢ highlights CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to resolve the feud. He has realised what has been lost because of the familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ differences. Referring to Montague as Ã¢â¬ËbrotherÃ¢â¬â¢ may also indicate the way that Capulet feels guilt and remorse for what the situation has resulted in. In religious terms, Ã¢â¬ËbrotherÃ¢â¬â¢ can also be used as a way to refer to a respected fellow male of the same faith. Since the play is set in Catholic Verona, it is possible that Shakespeare uses this language to suggest the respect from a religious perspective that Capulet wishes to show for Montague. This highlights that the families are not so different and shows that they do share similarities, regardless of their great feud. When Capulet exclaims Ã¢â¬ËPoor sacrifices of our enmity! Ã¢â¬â¢ Shakespeare demonstrates that Capulet understands exactly why Romeo and Juliet sacrificed themselves. The word Ã¢â¬ËourÃ¢â¬â¢ shows that he accepts the shared blame for the deaths of the pair. The word Ã¢â¬ËenmityÃ¢â¬â¢ connotes friction and hostility, which evidences the severity of the feud. The exclamation point after Ã¢â¬ËenmityÃ¢â¬â¢ also helps to portray CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s heartache and remorse as it makes his statement more dramatic and as though he has come to a great realisation. The tone created by the punctuation results in the strong, powerful man seeming helpless and remorseful, allowing the audience to recognise CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall just as he has. On the contrary, CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death in Noughts and Crosses does not seem to affect the surrounding characters to the same extent as the tragedy in Romeo and Juliet does. Whilst Romeo and Juliet choose to sacrifice themselves, Callum is forced into execution after refusing to allow his unborn child to be executed. This may explain the neutral reaction after his death, because it was planned and intentional. After CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death, it is clear to see SephyÃ¢â¬â¢s upset and grievance, as expected. However, the situation in society does not change. In the sequel to the novel, CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death is shown to have had an effect on society and shapes what will be accepted for the future. However, in the first of the Noughts and Crosses series, in the little time after CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death, no characters responsible seem to feel remorseful. Blackman points out that Ã¢â¬Å"The deputy Prime Minister [Kamal Hadley] was unavailable for commentÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, making it clear that Kamal Hadley wishes to make no comments publicly about the execution of Callum McGregor. Since this is the last statement made about Kamal in the novel, it is unclear whether he refuses to comment because he does not care about CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death or whether he refuses because he is guilty and remorseful. From KamalÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards Callum throughout the novel, it is likely that he is careless and thoughtless of his death. However, it seems unusual that a man of such power and firm beliefs, would not make a statement or speech justifying his reasons for giving the pair this ultimatum in an attempt to get the public on his side. On the other hand, it could also be argued that there is no comment made because, despite what happened, Sephy gives her baby daughter CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s last name: Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Miss Hadley has issued a statement that her daughterÃ¢â¬ ¦ will be taking her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s name of McGregor. Ã¢â¬ The fact that Sephy is able to issue a statement whilst her father is not could show that she is the stronger one out of the two of them. It shows that, despite what has happened, she will continue to stand for what she believes in and not be put down by the beliefs of those surrounding her. KamalÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to make a statement could be down to embarrassment as, despite killing Callum, he has not stopped his daughter from doing the unthinkable by having a child with a Cross. Although at this stage in the series there are no sure indications of how the events will effect society, Blackman foreshadows the events of the following books by incorporating such bravery and self-belief into SephyÃ¢â¬â¢s character, right up until the end of the text. The forbidden love in both texts is ushered along by characters that could be considered as assistants or helpers to each couple in their different situations. Friar Lawrence comes across clearly as the helper in Romeo and Juliet in the way that he supports the couple. He believes that their love could be beneficial for both charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ families, remarking that In one respect IÃ¢â¬â¢ll thy assistant be, For this alliance may so happy prove To turn your householdÃ¢â¬â¢s rancor into pure love. Here, Friar Lawrence expresses the fact that he seeks to be an Ã¢â¬ËassistantÃ¢â¬â¢ for the couple. He explains his reasons for believing that he should be, by expressing that he thinks the love could have a positive outcome for both families. The word Ã¢â¬ËallianceÃ¢â¬â¢ connotes the idea to join and unite. This conveys Friar LawrenceÃ¢â¬â¢s want for unison and peace between the two families and shows that he believes the pairÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËallianceÃ¢â¬â¢ could help to achieve this. The word Ã¢â¬ËrancorÃ¢â¬â¢, connoting bitterness and spite, describes the rottenness of the relationship between the two families. Friar Lawrence then uses Ã¢â¬Ëpure loveÃ¢â¬â¢ to describe the way that the families could become if united. The use of Ã¢â¬ËpureÃ¢â¬â¢ connotes innocence, fairness and also conveys religious imagery. The religious imagery here could be used to convey the way in which the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s love would be pure and not tarnished or affected by the evil in those around them. The religious imagery is contextually relevant to the setting of Romeo and Juliet as Roman Catholic Verona was obviously notably religious. It could also be used to indicate that Friar Lawrence expects them to marry and be a respectful, traditional couple of the time. The words Ã¢â¬ËrancorÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëpure loveÃ¢â¬â¢ are a stark contrast. It allows for the two feelings to be conveyed and show the way in which the families will over time transform from feelings of bitterness and hatred to feelings of friendship and unison. This conveys the way that Friar Lawrence has good intentions for the couple, allowing the reader to see that he is a character with a good heart in the play, striving to do the right thing. Friar Lawrence clearly does not approve of the feud that the families have with each other. Similarly, in Noughts and Crosses, Jasmine Hadley does not seem to believe in the segregation between Noughts and Crosses, despite her ex-husband greatly believing in it and being a strong proponent of the cause. Jasmine proves this from the beginning of the novel when she shows herself to be a good friend of a Cross, who also works for her family. Jasmine is much like Friar Lawrence in the way that she also acts as a kind of assistant for Callum and his family without them knowing. However, whilst Friar Lawrence is open with Romeo and Juliet about assisting them, Jasmine is not. She secretly helps the family out of fear that she may be negatively affected and judged if people find out that she, as a Nought, is helping a Cross. This is demonstrated through her confession that Ã¢â¬Å"I did everything that was humanly possible to make sure Ryan McGregor wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t hang. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to leave this room. Here Jasmine proves that she does have a guilty conscious towards the way that the crosses were treated. Her specification of Ã¢â¬ËHumanly possibleÃ¢â¬â¢ suggests that Jasmine did absolutely everything she could. However, this is contrasted by the possibility that Jasmine could have spoken up against what was happening as a well-respected Nought woman, and could have used her power to try and negotiate a change in how the Crosses are being treated. This shows the way in which Crosses would not speak out against the segregation and unfair treatment even if they wanted to. It highlights the way in which even they felt threatened to share their opinions and beliefs. This conveys the way in which even the Crosses found it hard to speak out against a firm, in place system. JasmineÃ¢â¬â¢s insistence that Ã¢â¬Å"And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to leave this roomÃ¢â¬ backs up the idea that Crosses were afraid to speak out for what was right. Jasmine shows that even she is fearful of what would happen if people knew that she attempted to help a Nought family. Both novels convey helpers or assistants that attempt to help the different situations along the way. Friar Lawrence does it because he openly believes that it is the right thing to do. On the other hand, Jasmine Hadley acts upon her guilty conscience for the unfair way that the Noughts are treated. This conveys the way in which Friar Lawrence as a helper is selfless and helping for the best intentions, whilst Jasmine Hadley is helping because of her guilty conscience and inability to speak out for what she believes is right. Both works have clear themes of forbidden love shown throughout each text. Whilst the texts are both written by two very different writers and set in extremely different times, the themes and ideas are still similar throughout. The strong link between the two texts is the way in which the surrounding characters impact each of the situations and alter the end result of both texts. Without the surrounding characters, there would be no forbidden love and thus no storyline for either of the texts. Both texts provoke thought amongst the audience as to whether the dramatic acts of that characters will alter the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s views in each of the texts, or whether life will stay the same; cruelly ignoring what has been lost and what has been broken beyond repair.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Essay on Natural Capitalism Essay on Natural Capitalism Section 1 Sustainability is a scientific concept that involves both biology and physics and describes the limits that society has overtime to grow and continue to prosper. HawkenÃ¢â¬â¢s believes that the economy in its correct state will eventually deplete all its natural resources becoming non-existent. Capitalism will always be financially profitable and we canÃ¢â¬â¢t continue to fool ourselves into thinking we will never run out of resources to make our loves more comfortable and efficient. We can create an economy that can be sustainable forever just by understanding and recognizing our dependence on natural resources. This is the vision of Paul Hawkens; he believes we must find ways to use our natural resources more efficiently while replenishing them at the same time. The author advocates assigning private property rights to national resources. He also believes this will entice owners to care more for the environment in order to see continuous profits. There are four basic principles that are needed in order to achieve this: 1. Radical Source Productivity-You are making more for less, using less or recycled materials which produces less waste. 2. Biomimicry-Designing systems around nature and learning from it. 3. Service and Flow Economy-Deliver a continuous flow of service and value. If customers see a corporation. 4. Invest in Natural Capital-Corporations need to become more aware of the natural resources they use and find efficient ways to use and replenish them. They then become socially responsible. Section 2 Corporations need to understand the environment and ways to transform their production habits in order to become more efficient at using our natural resources. This becomes their fiduciary duty. One road block to sustainability is cost and price. Hawkens advocates for state government only and that the federal government should have more subsidizes to the renewable energy industry. As it stands now subsidizes are provided to the Cuban fuel industry and the author is definitely for the separation of business and state. Government and private industry need to redirect the dollars that are currently designated toward industrial capital and reinvest that money in natural and human capital. He also believes that by assigning private property rights to natural resources is a way to ensure efficient use of those very resources that promotes sustainability. If we believe in our investments we will be more inclined to want to continue to see profits. Maximizing our profits and replenishing our natural resources will become a habit by consistency being positively reinforced. Corporations need to be educated on the efficient use of natural resources. They have the ability to be leaders and need to ensure that all employees are of the same mind set. The media can be used to their advantage and research is showing that customers are more inclined to purchase products from companies that are trying to leave less of a carbon footprint. Actively engaging their communities and educating local people on recycling and renewable energy, which is critical to saving our natural resources. Section 3 In order to preserve our national resources I think itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to establish some type of requirement for social responsibility (The key to getting everyone on board is through education). Corporations that are socially responsible will continue
Monday, March 2, 2020
Famous vs. Infamous Famous vs. Infamous Famous vs. Infamous By Maeve Maddox I have long bewailed the misuse of the word famous to apply to bad people, reminding readers that the word for widely known people of ill repute is infamous. Now IÃ¢â¬â¢ve discovered that not only is famous erroneously applied to gangsters and murderers, but now the word infamous is being flung about as if it meant noted or simply, known. The site that brought this latest misuse to my attention features a slideshow about male celebrities who are shorter than average. Each slide provides information under the following headings: Height Date of Birth Number of Children Infamous for One or two of the celebrities are Ã¢â¬Å"infamous forÃ¢â¬ cocaine use, but the information that appears under the Ã¢â¬Å"infamousÃ¢â¬ heading for the others is nothing to be ashamed of. Here are a few examples of the behavior labeled infamous on this site: was a dishwasher once was the son of scientists sometimes hides his hand in his pocket to conceal its trembling wears thick black horn-rimmed glasses worked in a beauty salon after high school was godfather to another celebrityÃ¢â¬â¢s children These acts hardly fit the OED definition of infamous: Of ill fame or repute; famed or notorious for badness of any kind; notoriously evil, wicked, or vile; held in infamy or public disgrace. Here, for example, are some infamous people noted for their infamous acts: Ivan the Terrible Jack the Ripper Pol Pot Heinrich Himmler Adolf Hitler Josef Stalin Delphine LaLaurie Josef Mengele Tomas de Torquemada Actions that warrant the description of infamous include: burning people to death, performing surgical experiments on conscious children, blinding your architects, boiling your treasurerÃ¢â¬âthat kind of thing. The preoccupation with the celebrity of peopleÃ¢â¬âfamous or infamousÃ¢â¬âhas coined a new expression: Ã¢â¬Å"famous for being famous.Ã¢â¬ In the past, the usual way to acquire fame or notoriety was to excel at something, whether writing, acting, or governing. With the advent of self-generated publicity, some people manage to become a focus of public attention for nothing at all. Frequently cited examples of this type of non-fame are: the Kardashian sisters, Paris Hilton, Kato Kaelin, Heidi Montag, Kelly Osbourne, and Ivanka Trump. Here are some words other than famous or infamous that may be used to describe a well-known person: well-known prominent famed popular renowned noted eminent distinguished esteemed celebrated respected illustrious acclaimed great legendary lionized notorious Most of these words are applicable to people known for doing commendable things. The other kind of people are perhaps best ignored as much as possible. Famous and Infamous on Newspapers Monsanto to ditch its infamous name after sale to Bayer (www.theguardian.com) - Syrian Kurdish fighters have detained two British men infamous for their role in the Islamic StateÃ¢â¬â¢s imprisonment, torture and killing of Western hostages, according to Am (www.nytimes.com) on BroadwayÃ¢â¬â¢s least-discovered northern stretch.Broadway is arguably the most famous thoroughfare in the world (by one measure, 250 million hits on Google versus 6 million for the Champs-Ãâ°lysÃ ©es) (www.nytimes.com) Related posts: Ã¢â¬Å"Famous DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t Apply to Murderers or GangstersÃ¢â¬ Video Recap Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Direct and Indirect ObjectsHyper and HypoA Yes-and-No Answer About Hyphenating Phrases