Monday, August 24, 2020
IPE Reflection Account - Essay Example Next was the egg explore wherein no one needed to assume the situation of administration and the gathering needed more collaboration to help each other, so our analysis fizzled. We additionally watched recordings of individuals from various callings helping in crisis cases and this caused me to acknowledge how everybody can add to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mending regardless of what calling he has a place with. Sentiments: I think it was a great idea to have the option to tune in to the perspectives on different experts as I became familiar with their fields and how they see correspondence. I likewise found out about correspondence hindrances, for example, having an impediment like visual impairment or deafness and how that incapacitated individual would truly think that its difficult to convey his sentiments, contemplations and thoughts to other people. I found the IPE meetings very improving and fun, also, a chance to meet others from various callings that I may some time or another work with. I found out such a great amount about the significance of correspondence and cooperation and realize that the activities will incredibly affect how I would see these two ideas as I practice my calling with different experts. Assessment: In the Communication Workshop, the different sorts of correspondence we conceptualized on were overpowering. It isn't constrained to simply and tuning in, perusing or composing, however now incorporates a large group of other correspondence structures and media. Be that as it may, in wellbeing administrations, most correspondence is constrained to up close and personal since wellbeing experts are in close contact with their patients/customers, and with different experts from various fields. Human services experts need to see their customers face to face to figure out what the physical side effects showed by the patients/customers may mean. In my own gathering in the IPE, we continued proposing approaches to tackle the issue given to us, yet since we were not all that acquainted with one another yet, we were
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 7:44 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Conditions on the gold fields, out of line laws, prejudice, against British perspectives and the minerÃ¢â¬â¢s permit, had a tremendous impact in making the Eureka Rebellion occur. The minersÃ¢â¬â¢ in the end became burnt out on the out of line laws and day to day environments, so they constructed the Eureka Stockade and assembled guns, trying to battle for their privileges and freedoms. During the early morning of December third 1854, the specialists propelled an assault on the barricade. The minersÃ¢â¬â¢ retaliated intensely, yet their fundamental weapons and assurance was no counterpart for the militaryÃ¢â¬â¢s immense numbers and savage weaponry. Despite the fact that the revolt itself was a military disappointment, the minersÃ¢â¬â¢ defiance prompted individual and political advantages for some Australians. The Eureka Stockade was a wicked yet fundamental piece of Australian history. It assumed a fundamental job in the advancement of popular government and individual personality inside Australia. The insubordination was brought about by various issues inside the gold fields. We will compose a custom exposition test on The Eureka Stockade or then again any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The diggers were experiencing various shameful acts. They had no political rights; they were not permitted to cast a ballot in decisions nor were they qualified for a delegate in the Legislative Council, and they were dealt with shamefully by the obtrusively fierce and degenerate government authorities. Be that as it may, their primary complaint was the extreme and overrated gold mining permit, which cost thirty shillings every month to recharge. A large portion of the minersÃ¢â¬â¢ discovered it almost difficult to pay the ludicrously evaluated mining expense and still meet the average cost for basic items, on the rare and scarcely adequate measure of cash they had. The minersÃ¢â¬â¢ were required to convey their licenses with them consistently, on the off chance that they were found without their permit they could be fined or detained. The feared Ã¢â¬Å"License HuntsÃ¢â¬ were before long acquired. Permit Hunts gave police the freedom to check a minerÃ¢â¬â¢s permit indiscriminately. Those found without a permit were subject to extreme fines and vile detainment and discipline. The vast majority of the police were unsuitable, the same number of them were ex-convicts and watches; in view of this a considerable lot of the officials were slanted to viciousness and mercilessness during a License Hunt. The officersÃ¢â¬â¢ mercilessness and unfair conduct additionally goaded the diggers and made the Ballarat Gold-FieldsÃ¢â¬â¢ police subject to much scorn. Degenerate Officialdom was a strong issue on the gold fields. In one occasion, a gathering of men beat a tanked Scottish digger to death, the gathering included neighborhood publican James Bentley. James was a companion of the nearby officer; due to this he and the other three men got away from mistreatment. The diggers were shocked. A gathering of three excavators went to BentleyÃ¢â¬â¢s lodging and set it ablaze in disobedience. It was not very not long after that the men were accused of torching. On the eleventh of November 1854, ten thousand excavators satisfied to need the arrival of the three men, the appropriate for all guys to cast a ballot and the cancelation of the diggers permit; this gathering prompted the arrangement of the Ballarat Reform League. A few of the Reform League pioneers had additionally been associated with the Chartist development in England. On the 29th of November of that equivalent year, twelve thousand individuals at Bakery Hill looked as the Southern Cross banner, also called the Eureka Flag, was revealed just because. The banner turned into the image of their battle; the excavators consumed their licenses and discharged shots into the air under the banner in a demonstration of triumph and resistance. The following day, under the administration of an Irishman, Peter Lalor, a littler however decided gathering swore the promise under the Eureka banner. Ã¢â¬Å"We depend on the Southern Cross to stand really by one another and battle to protect our privileges and libertiesÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ The Miners Oath The little gathering of excavators, walked to the Eureka Lead and fashioned wooden blockades, to frame what is currently broadly known as the Eureka Stockade. The uthorities, disdaining the minersÃ¢â¬â¢ defiance, brought in fortifications from Melbourne and arranged their assault. Following two days of leaving the excavators safe in their barricade, vigorously furnished troopers and police assaulted the barricade on Sunday the third of December 1854. The excavators were ill-equipped and found napping; t hey battled sincerely and fearlessness, however were dwarfed and outgunned. Despite the fact that the diggers lost the fight, at last the war was won. Twenty-Two of the excavators were left dead, and a further 125 diggers were taken prisoner, many being seriously injured. The specialists just experienced six losses, being cops and troopers. An estimation of 120 excavators were captured after the Stockade, a considerable lot of them being blameless. Nonetheless, thirteen of them were accused of High Treason, in spite of the proof against them, not a solitary one of the diggers were seen as liable. Subside Lalor, the pioneer of the revolt, and a couple of other men from the resistance, figured out how to get away from the scene. LalorÃ¢â¬â¢s left arm which was gravely injured from discharge wounds was in the end cut off. When HothamÃ¢â¬â¢s Royal Commission Report was at long last passed on it surveyed all parts of the organization on the gold fields. The report made a few significant suggestions including the abrogation of the diggers permit, cuts on the measure of police, the substitution of gold officials and the limitation on Chinese movement. As per Blainey, It was maybe the most liberal concession offered by a senator to a significant rival throughout the entire existence of Australia up to that time. The individuals from the commission were delegated before Eureka they were men who were probably going to be thoughtful to the diggers. Subside Lalor and different revolutionaries, who had gotten away from the Stockade, came out of covering up after a general pardon was broadcasted on the ninth of May 1855. Lalor then composed an announcement to the Colonists of Victoria expressing, There are two things associated with the late flare-up (The Eureka Stockade) which I profoundly lament. The first is, that we shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been compelled to wage war by any means; and the second is, that when we were constrained to take the field in our own safeguard, we couldn't (through need of arms, ammo and a little association) to dispense on the genuine creators of the flare-up the discipline they so luxuriously merited. In 1855 Lalor had become the principal Member of the Legislative Council, for the seat of Ballarat. The excavators in Ballarat were given eight agents in Parliament. During one of LalorÃ¢â¬â¢s addresses in the Legislative Council in 1856 he stated, I would ask these men of their word what they mean by the term majority rules system. Do they mean Chartism or Republicanism? Assuming this is the case, I never was, I am not currently, nor do I ever plan to be a democrat. Yet, in the event that a democrat implies restriction to a domineering press, an overbearing people, or an oppressive government, at that point I have been, I am still, and will ever stay a democrat. Lalor was later chosen for the New Legislative Assembly in1856, and afterward proceeded to be chosen Speaker of the Legislative Assembly in 1880. The Eureka Stockade affected Australia enormously. Despite the fact that the momentary advantages of Eureka were just somewhat useful, the drawn out outcomes have radically changed and molded Australia. The Eureka Stockade was the establishment stone of vote based system in Australia, with some in any event, contending that Australian majority rules system was conceived at Eureka. Aha likewise observed the start of Australia turning into its own, free country, without having solid connections to the British. It gave numerous conventional, average workers people groups indistinguishable rights from the individuals who were conceived in to riches and influence.
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 12:51 AM
Saturday, July 18, 2020
Psychometric Properties in a BPD Test BPD Diagnosis Print Psychometric Properties in a BPD Test By Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and associate professor of psychology at Eastern Connecticut State University. Learn about our editorial policy Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on July 13, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on June 29, 2018 Tim Macpherson/Stone/Getty Images More in BPD Diagnosis Treatment Living With BPD Related Conditions The psychometric properties of a psychological test relate to the data that has been collected on the test to determine how well it measures the construct of interest. In order to develop a good psychological test, the new test is subjected to statistical analyses to ensure that it has good psychometric properties. There are two broad types of psychometric properties that a test must have in order to be considered a good measure of a particular construct: reliability and validity. Reliability as a Psychometric Property The first type of psychometric property is called reliability. This is the psychological tests ability to measure the construct of interest consistently and in a stable manner. A measure of something cannot be more valid than it is reliable. Test-Retest Reliability If the test is reliable, your results on that test should be very similar if you take the test today and again in six months. This is called test-retest reliability. For example, you take a test to determine your likelihood of having borderline personality disorder (BPD) in January, then again in July, and you should have similar results. One problem with the reliability of testing the same person twice using the same test is that the patient could remember the questions from the last time they took the test. This could have a variety of consequences. Parallel Forms for Reliability Parallel forms is another measure of reliability and designed to avoid the issues brought about by using the same exact test twice. To increase the reliability of this psychometric property, clinicians administer parallel forms of a test. In other words, two similar, not exactly the same, versions of a measure. Other Types of Reliability There are other types of reliability. Internal consistency refers to the point that all the items in the test should be measuring the same construct. Inter-rater reliability addresses the protocol to determine if multiple judges have a high degree of consensus. Validity as a Psychometric Property The second broad property that a good test has validity, which refers to how well the test accurately measures the construct of interest. The results should correspond with what the researcher stated was the focus of the study. For example, the results of a good borderline personality test should be highly related to behavior that is typical of borderline personality disorder (for example, someone with a high score on a BPD test should also have a lot of problems with emotion regulation). The two broad categories of validity are internal and external: If the study has external validity, it falls in line with previous findings on the same, or similar, topic.Internal validity is about the degree of confidence the researcher has in his own results and is based on a variety of factors, including characteristics of the sample, measures, and the research design. Face Validity Face validity refers to how valid the person taking the test thinks it is. For example, if the test taker has a bad attitude toward the test, including finding the layout confusing or the thinking the test administrator is a jerk, an otherwise valid measurement might produce an erroneous result.
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 5:35 PM
Thursday, May 21, 2020
In 1859, Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, which proposed the theory of evolution. This book, along with others that followed, began the long dispute between evolutionist and creationist. Were we created by a supernatural Supreme Being, or did our creation occur purely by chance? First, lets look at the two conflicting theories. Common usage of the term Ã¢â¬Å"evolutionÃ¢â¬ is that living things in our world have come into existence through unguided naturalistic processes beginning from a primeval mass of subatomic particles and radiation, over 20 billion years ago. The idea of Creation comes from the first two chapters of Genesis which states that God created the heavens andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore we have a catch-22 situation. Besides, there are geological evidences that confirm the existence of an oxidizing atmosphere as far back as can be determined. Among these are: the oxidation of ferrous iron in early rocks, and the precipitation of limestone in great quantities.1 Now, lets assume for a minute that the ideal environment for evolution to occur existed. We would then need a means by which the basic building blocks of life could be constructed. Before you can assemble the large macro-molecules necessary for life you must have a ready supply of basic organic molecules. Among these would be tons of sugars, amino acids, purines, and pyrimidines. Now assuming we had a vast primitive ocean full of these molecules there are still obstacles that would need to be overcome to have a suitable ocean. The first problem would be the diluting effect of the vast ocean. There would not be enough quantities of each basic molecule for molecular formation therefore insufficient quantities would result. The second problem would be that in order for chemical bonds to form there would need to be an external source of energy. Unfortunately t he same energy that creates these bonds is much more likely to destroy them. The last major obstacle to overcome would be the incompatibility of differentShow MoreRelatedEvolution Creationism Vs. Creationism924 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAny point of contact with the scientific world in the 21st century will eventually lead one to the one of the most hotly contested topic in American education, that of evolution versus creationism. While the creationist point of view, as well as the evolutionary perspective, hosts a great variation of opinion amongst its supporters, Christianity is brought to the center stage time after time (Vuletic, 1994). Literal interpretation of the Book of GenesisÃ¢â¬â¢ account of creation falls contrary to theRead More Evolution Vs. Creationism Essay1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEvolution vs. Creationism Abstract In the history of science vs. religion there have been no issues more intensely debated than evolution vs. creationism. The issue is passionately debated since the majority of evidence is in favor of evolution, but the creation point of view can never be proved wrong because of religious belief. Human creation breaks down into three simple beliefs; creation theory, naturalistic evolution theory, and theistic evolution theory. The complexities of all threeRead More Creationism vs. Evolution Essays1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCreationism vs. Evolution This paper will focus on the huge controversy between Creationism and Evolution. I will provide two opposing viewpoints on this subject. First, the discussion will focus on the question of why many people believe that God created the universe and all living things. On the other end of the spectrum, scientific information will be presented that substantiates the evidence against the existence of God. This creationism counter-argument known as evolution has itsRead More Evolution vs. Creationism Essay917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Evolution vs. Creationism The Evolution vs. Creationism controversy goes all the way back to the Publishing of Origin of Species in 1859 by Darwin laying the foundation for the evolution of life to be understood. Scientists are continuously finding more evidence to support DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s conclusion; that organisms descended from a common ancestor modified by the mechanism of natural selection resulting in the evolution of species adapting to their environment. The following are the main geological topicsRead More Creationism vs. Evolution Essay1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Where we come from is a question as old as mankind itself. There are countless numbers of religions, each with their own twist on the origins of earth and mankind, but one of the most highly visible debates would be creationism vs. evolution. Depending on where your beliefs lie, the Earth has been around somewhere in the neighborhood of 6,000 years to 4.5 billion years. One would tend to believe that this vast differe nce in time would make it impossible to have 2 Ã¢â¬Å"theoriesÃ¢â¬ thatRead MoreCreationism Vs. Evolution1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Where do we come from? The creation of the world has been told through many different stories, and from a variety of religions across the world. The argument between evolution and creation has been debated back and forth for years. So how do we know which claim is correct? Has all life evolved from simple bacteria to all the species that appear today, or did life on earth begin with Gods creation of Adam from dust and his partner Eve from adamÃ¢â¬â¢s rib bone. As a child I grew up attending church everyRead MoreEvolution Vs. Creationism Debate1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn this paper I will be explaining two sides of the evolution vs. creationism debate. The topics I am going to write about are fossil evidence, the origin of life, and DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"theoryÃ¢â¬ of natural selection. I will be presenting a view of both sides of the argument they will be on the creation side and evolution standpoint. I would suggest that you, the reader, would have a previous knowledge of all the topics so that you may get a full understanding of both sides. If there is no prior knowledgeRead MoreCreationism vs. Evolution Essay1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesassumptions with empirically deduced scientific theories. The Catholic Church had a nasty habit of persecuting such ideological dissent toward creationism, calling it heresy and thereby somewhat suppressing a complete upheaval of the Scriptures. For many centuries to come, the scientific research grew and developed into theories like the Big Bang and evolution, though primarily in places where such progress was tolerated. The state of Tennessee in 1925 was not such a place. In the town of DaytonRead MoreCreationism vs. Evolution Essay1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Creationism is the theory that man, the earth, and the rest of the universe was originally created rather than randomly exploding from nothingness into chance existence. We reside on the surface of a small superbly crafted, autonomous self regulating spac e vehicle. Together with survival, conquest and death we bear witness to beauty, fragrances, love and music. Think about this. Mathematics, philosophy, springtime, depravity, farming, courtship, quasars, and iphones; all came from nothingness?,Read MoreEssay on Evolution VS. Creationism1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof man and how all living things acquired their characteristics. The two main theories that arose over time were Creationism and Evolution, both of which provided very distinct answers to this question. Creationism based its answer on the idea of a supernatural power or being that created the entire universe, man and the numerous other organisms that live within it. While, Evolution theorizes that all living things have the potential to change and grow over time into something new and different
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 7:15 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Since the dawn of civilization, religious practices and rituals have greatly impacted various societies around the world. Religion is intertwined with almost every aspect of life, ranging from culture, to politics and can even be found in basic social interactions. Regardless of how religious one may be the impact it has on each individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life is significant. The true beauty of religion is the fact that there is no set definition, allowing for each region of the world to interpret and practice their beliefs in their own manner. Naming a newborn child is considered a significant rite of passage in numerous religions all around the world. Many religions believe that providing the newborn with a proper name in the eyes of God is aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Due to their strong faith, the Jewish community continually looks to uphold GodÃ¢â¬â¢s laws, attempting to bring holiness to each aspect of their daily lives. It is important to note that there are sects within Judaism, stemming from cultural nuances and geographic location. This means that there are different rituals and practices between the various sects within Judaism. Chabad is one of the world s most known Chasidic movements and is well known for its outreach in the community. It is the largest Jewish religious organization in the world. The Chabad movement represents an intellectual, spiritual school of thought established and led by a dynasty of Hasidic Rabbis. Founded in the late eighteenth century, the Chabad movement originated in Eastern Europe. Chabad Hasidic philosophy focuses on religious and spiritual concepts such as God, the soul, and the meaning of the Jewish commandments. Though there are several sacred traditions and rites in Judaism, the baby rite is one of the most significant events of the religion. The Chabad movement within Judaism has their own secular beliefs about the name rite of a newborn child. The C habad follow the Midrash relates, which are a collection of teachings from the Torah. The Midrash relates state that the Jewish people were freed from Egyptian rule under the merit of four virtues. The first of these virtues dictates that they do not change their names. This is important
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 11:42 PM
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 8:25 AM
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses Paper In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Romeo and Juliet (c. 1595) and Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s 2001 Noughts and Crosses, the theme of forbidden love is greatly conveyed throughout both texts. The themes are similar in each text, regardless of the severe differences in era which are highlighted contextually throughout each of the works. Forbidden love is the foundation to which the downfalls of characters occur and is a key component to the storylines of both texts. In both works, the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s downfalls are greatly contributed to by those surrounding the main protagonists. This allows for the surrounding characters to stand out as the causes for the bad happenings in both texts, as it is they who make the love forbidden and perhaps thus more desirable to the protagonists. Sacrifice is a key theme in both works which helps to convey the way that both couplesÃ¢â¬â¢ love is extremely important to the characters. Sacrifice is shown in Romeo and Juliet when they sacrifice their own lives because they are forbidden to be together. Romeo and Juliet sacrifice themselves because of what they believed in. The sacrifices also show that they would rather die than live without their love being allowed and accepted by the people around them. JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s last words, Ã¢â¬Å"There rust and let me dieÃ¢â¬ , emphasise the sacrifice that she makes upon learning of RomeoÃ¢â¬â¢s death. The words Ã¢â¬Ëlet meÃ¢â¬â¢ show that Juliet wishes to be left to die, much in the way that she wanted to be allowed and left alone to love and be with Romeo. The idea of Juliet being allowed to die shows that she is making the sacrifice of her life as it is, in her mind, the only thing left that she can do which will be her own decision. We will write a custom essay sample on Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Malorie BlackmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Noughts and Crosses specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer She shows here that she wishes not to live without Romeo and without their love. The idea of Juliet lacking control over her future was a key concern in the Elizabethan era in which the play was written. This is down to the fact that young women like Juliet would have had decisions on big life choices often taken out of their hands. Fathers (or the head of the family) would often have the final say over who the daughter marries. This is shown in JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s situation where her family have intentions for her to marry Count Paris, whilst she wishes to marry Romeo. Sacrifice is also conveyed in RomeoÃ¢â¬â¢s death in which before dying he says Ã¢â¬ËhereÃ¢â¬â¢s to my love. Ã¢â¬â¢ This allows the link between the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s sacrifice and their love being forbidden to become apparent through the way that Romeo states that his death is for his Ã¢â¬Ëlove. Ã¢â¬â¢ ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s use of the word Ã¢â¬ËHereÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ conveys that Romeo is killing himself for his love. Additionally, the word Ã¢â¬ËhereÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ would usually be used in a kind of toast or tribute towards something. This allows for Romeo to glamorise his death by it being down to the love forbidden between the couple. The sacrifice in Romeo and Juliet coincides with ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s famous genre of tragedy, which is conveyed throughout a number of his works but especially in Romeo and Juliet. David Scott Kastan suggests in his analysis that Ã¢â¬Å"Tragedy, for Shakespeare is the genre of uncompensated suffering. Ã¢â¬ I would agree with this idea as Shakespeare has incorporated this theory into Romeo and Juliet. The idea of the suffering being Ã¢â¬ËuncompensatedÃ¢â¬â¢ relates to the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s situation since they do not get any reward or gain for what they have endured in the end. This point relates to the couple making their individual sacrifices of life as these acts are uncompensated and unrewarded; they gain nothing from their actions. This idea of uncompensated sacrifice is down to the matter of their love being forbidden. The love being forbidden between the two characters results in the sacrifice of their own lives which shows how passionate both characters are about their love. It is conveyed in the language before each death that their sacrifices clearly link to their love being forbidden and frowned upon by others. Similarly, in Noughts and Crosses, Callum sacrifices his life for what he believes in. The ultimatum to sacrifice his life for the life of his baby or his babyÃ¢â¬â¢s life for his, results in Callum deciding to be executed. Much like in Romeo and Juliet, Sephy and CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s situation is out of their hands and out of their control. The people around them force the couple to make the decision as to who to sacrifice. CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s explanation that Ã¢â¬Å"He pulls the hood over my head. I try to pull back. Im not trying to run away. I just want to see her One last time Ã¢â¬ highlights his desperation to see Sephy for the last time. This conveys CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s love for Sephy and his position shows where the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s forbidden love has gotten him. This helps to highlight the way in which the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s love is truly forbidden and shows the extent of punishment for making their love known by having a baby. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not trying to run awayÃ¢â¬ shows the way in which Callum faces up to his inevitable sacrifice in the moment of it. Highlighting that he is Ã¢â¬ËnotÃ¢â¬â¢ trying to run away shows that he has accepted his fate to be executed. This shows the way that Callum has come to terms with the sacrifice he must make and in this he shows that he truly would rather save his unborn babyÃ¢â¬â¢s life than live on himself. The ellipsis conveys the tone of CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts as, whilst he clearly shows acceptance of his situation, its fragmentation highlights the way he feels about Sephy and it shows how he is much weaker and more emotional when it comes to thinking about her. The ellipsis at the end of the sentence could also represent the end of CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s life, as though it is to be continued. This idea could foreshadow the future after his death, conveying the way that his death could alter the views upon Noughts and Crosses being segregated in the future. Much like in Romeo and Juliet, the couple have to sacrifice something regardless of what they choose, whether it be their unborn baby or Callum himself. Whilst Romeo and Juliet would have not lost a physical person if they had not have sacrificed themselves, they would have lost out on the love that they wished to share together. The sacrifice of CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s life in Noughts and Crosses shows the way that the couple are forced into making a sacrifice in order to stand up for what they believe in. It also shows the extent of how forbidden their love really is, how seriously the people around them perceive it and how they are controlled by those around them to the point of a forced sacrifice. The outcomes postliminary to the sacrifices in each novel can give an array of answers as to whether the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ actions and decisions in the end benefitted each of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s harsh beliefs around them. The characters surrounding the two couples in each text contribute a great amount to the outcomes and the decisions that the main protagonists make throughout the novels. This conveys the way in which the great sacrifices of life in each text affect the characters surrounding the main protagonists and shows these charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ reactions to the events that they have partly caused. It allows the remaining characters in the texts to question whether the love was forbidden enough for lives to be lost. In Romeo and Juliet, after the couple sacrifice their lives, it is clear to see that the families put their feuds aside. Upon realising that the pairÃ¢â¬â¢s death was down to their love being forbidden by the families, Capulet refers to Montague as Ã¢â¬Ëbrother Montague. The use of the word Ã¢â¬ËbrotherÃ¢â¬â¢ highlights CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to resolve the feud. He has realised what has been lost because of the familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ differences. Referring to Montague as Ã¢â¬ËbrotherÃ¢â¬â¢ may also indicate the way that Capulet feels guilt and remorse for what the situation has resulted in. In religious terms, Ã¢â¬ËbrotherÃ¢â¬â¢ can also be used as a way to refer to a respected fellow male of the same faith. Since the play is set in Catholic Verona, it is possible that Shakespeare uses this language to suggest the respect from a religious perspective that Capulet wishes to show for Montague. This highlights that the families are not so different and shows that they do share similarities, regardless of their great feud. When Capulet exclaims Ã¢â¬ËPoor sacrifices of our enmity! Ã¢â¬â¢ Shakespeare demonstrates that Capulet understands exactly why Romeo and Juliet sacrificed themselves. The word Ã¢â¬ËourÃ¢â¬â¢ shows that he accepts the shared blame for the deaths of the pair. The word Ã¢â¬ËenmityÃ¢â¬â¢ connotes friction and hostility, which evidences the severity of the feud. The exclamation point after Ã¢â¬ËenmityÃ¢â¬â¢ also helps to portray CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s heartache and remorse as it makes his statement more dramatic and as though he has come to a great realisation. The tone created by the punctuation results in the strong, powerful man seeming helpless and remorseful, allowing the audience to recognise CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall just as he has. On the contrary, CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death in Noughts and Crosses does not seem to affect the surrounding characters to the same extent as the tragedy in Romeo and Juliet does. Whilst Romeo and Juliet choose to sacrifice themselves, Callum is forced into execution after refusing to allow his unborn child to be executed. This may explain the neutral reaction after his death, because it was planned and intentional. After CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death, it is clear to see SephyÃ¢â¬â¢s upset and grievance, as expected. However, the situation in society does not change. In the sequel to the novel, CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death is shown to have had an effect on society and shapes what will be accepted for the future. However, in the first of the Noughts and Crosses series, in the little time after CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death, no characters responsible seem to feel remorseful. Blackman points out that Ã¢â¬Å"The deputy Prime Minister [Kamal Hadley] was unavailable for commentÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, making it clear that Kamal Hadley wishes to make no comments publicly about the execution of Callum McGregor. Since this is the last statement made about Kamal in the novel, it is unclear whether he refuses to comment because he does not care about CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s death or whether he refuses because he is guilty and remorseful. From KamalÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards Callum throughout the novel, it is likely that he is careless and thoughtless of his death. However, it seems unusual that a man of such power and firm beliefs, would not make a statement or speech justifying his reasons for giving the pair this ultimatum in an attempt to get the public on his side. On the other hand, it could also be argued that there is no comment made because, despite what happened, Sephy gives her baby daughter CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s last name: Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Miss Hadley has issued a statement that her daughterÃ¢â¬ ¦ will be taking her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s name of McGregor. Ã¢â¬ The fact that Sephy is able to issue a statement whilst her father is not could show that she is the stronger one out of the two of them. It shows that, despite what has happened, she will continue to stand for what she believes in and not be put down by the beliefs of those surrounding her. KamalÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to make a statement could be down to embarrassment as, despite killing Callum, he has not stopped his daughter from doing the unthinkable by having a child with a Cross. Although at this stage in the series there are no sure indications of how the events will effect society, Blackman foreshadows the events of the following books by incorporating such bravery and self-belief into SephyÃ¢â¬â¢s character, right up until the end of the text. The forbidden love in both texts is ushered along by characters that could be considered as assistants or helpers to each couple in their different situations. Friar Lawrence comes across clearly as the helper in Romeo and Juliet in the way that he supports the couple. He believes that their love could be beneficial for both charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ families, remarking that In one respect IÃ¢â¬â¢ll thy assistant be, For this alliance may so happy prove To turn your householdÃ¢â¬â¢s rancor into pure love. Here, Friar Lawrence expresses the fact that he seeks to be an Ã¢â¬ËassistantÃ¢â¬â¢ for the couple. He explains his reasons for believing that he should be, by expressing that he thinks the love could have a positive outcome for both families. The word Ã¢â¬ËallianceÃ¢â¬â¢ connotes the idea to join and unite. This conveys Friar LawrenceÃ¢â¬â¢s want for unison and peace between the two families and shows that he believes the pairÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËallianceÃ¢â¬â¢ could help to achieve this. The word Ã¢â¬ËrancorÃ¢â¬â¢, connoting bitterness and spite, describes the rottenness of the relationship between the two families. Friar Lawrence then uses Ã¢â¬Ëpure loveÃ¢â¬â¢ to describe the way that the families could become if united. The use of Ã¢â¬ËpureÃ¢â¬â¢ connotes innocence, fairness and also conveys religious imagery. The religious imagery here could be used to convey the way in which the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s love would be pure and not tarnished or affected by the evil in those around them. The religious imagery is contextually relevant to the setting of Romeo and Juliet as Roman Catholic Verona was obviously notably religious. It could also be used to indicate that Friar Lawrence expects them to marry and be a respectful, traditional couple of the time. The words Ã¢â¬ËrancorÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëpure loveÃ¢â¬â¢ are a stark contrast. It allows for the two feelings to be conveyed and show the way in which the families will over time transform from feelings of bitterness and hatred to feelings of friendship and unison. This conveys the way that Friar Lawrence has good intentions for the couple, allowing the reader to see that he is a character with a good heart in the play, striving to do the right thing. Friar Lawrence clearly does not approve of the feud that the families have with each other. Similarly, in Noughts and Crosses, Jasmine Hadley does not seem to believe in the segregation between Noughts and Crosses, despite her ex-husband greatly believing in it and being a strong proponent of the cause. Jasmine proves this from the beginning of the novel when she shows herself to be a good friend of a Cross, who also works for her family. Jasmine is much like Friar Lawrence in the way that she also acts as a kind of assistant for Callum and his family without them knowing. However, whilst Friar Lawrence is open with Romeo and Juliet about assisting them, Jasmine is not. She secretly helps the family out of fear that she may be negatively affected and judged if people find out that she, as a Nought, is helping a Cross. This is demonstrated through her confession that Ã¢â¬Å"I did everything that was humanly possible to make sure Ryan McGregor wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t hang. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to leave this room. Here Jasmine proves that she does have a guilty conscious towards the way that the crosses were treated. Her specification of Ã¢â¬ËHumanly possibleÃ¢â¬â¢ suggests that Jasmine did absolutely everything she could. However, this is contrasted by the possibility that Jasmine could have spoken up against what was happening as a well-respected Nought woman, and could have used her power to try and negotiate a change in how the Crosses are being treated. This shows the way in which Crosses would not speak out against the segregation and unfair treatment even if they wanted to. It highlights the way in which even they felt threatened to share their opinions and beliefs. This conveys the way in which even the Crosses found it hard to speak out against a firm, in place system. JasmineÃ¢â¬â¢s insistence that Ã¢â¬Å"And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to leave this roomÃ¢â¬ backs up the idea that Crosses were afraid to speak out for what was right. Jasmine shows that even she is fearful of what would happen if people knew that she attempted to help a Nought family. Both novels convey helpers or assistants that attempt to help the different situations along the way. Friar Lawrence does it because he openly believes that it is the right thing to do. On the other hand, Jasmine Hadley acts upon her guilty conscience for the unfair way that the Noughts are treated. This conveys the way in which Friar Lawrence as a helper is selfless and helping for the best intentions, whilst Jasmine Hadley is helping because of her guilty conscience and inability to speak out for what she believes is right. Both works have clear themes of forbidden love shown throughout each text. Whilst the texts are both written by two very different writers and set in extremely different times, the themes and ideas are still similar throughout. The strong link between the two texts is the way in which the surrounding characters impact each of the situations and alter the end result of both texts. Without the surrounding characters, there would be no forbidden love and thus no storyline for either of the texts. Both texts provoke thought amongst the audience as to whether the dramatic acts of that characters will alter the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s views in each of the texts, or whether life will stay the same; cruelly ignoring what has been lost and what has been broken beyond repair.
Posted by Alessia Giroux at 12:16 AM